Tuesday, 21 May 2013

Unit 11 - Family and Friends 5

Unit 11 - Family and Friends 5

In this unit you will cover passive voices and also how to use the prepositions by and with.
 

English has two voices: active and passive. 
The active voice is used when the action is done by the subject: The dog ate my homework. 

The passive voice (BE + V+-ed/-en/-t) is used when the action of the sentence is not being done by the subject: My homework was eaten by the dog.  

The passive is formed with any time frame of the verb TO BE + the PAST PARTICIPLE.  
The passive voice is often used:
  • to describe artistic, scientific and literary endeavors:
The Mona Lisa was painted by Leonardo Da Vinci.
Research is now being done on a cure for this disease.
  • to explain directions and procedures:
The game of Monopoly can be played by two to four players.
  • to describe legal and governmental matters and to avoid placing direct blame:
Reports on several new gun laws were being discussed.
When active sentences have verbs with direct objects (are transitive), they can become passive:


She is reserving a table. A table is being reserved.
A thief stole my stereo. My stereo has been stolen by a thief.

Game: http://www.eslgamesplus.com/passive-voice-past-passive-esl-grammar-sentence-activity-fun-game-online/

Helpful video on this grammar topic: http://youtu.be/QTQb42w7oig

Game: http://www.eslgamesworld.com/members/games/grammar/basketball/active%20vs.%20passive%20voice/active%20vs.%20passive%20voice.html

Coca Cola Video and Game - http://www.quia.com/cb/353496.html

Online Exercises:
1. http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/active_passive/active_or_passive.htm
2. http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/active_passive/active_or_passive1.htm
3. http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/active_passive/active_or_passive2.htm
4. http://a4esl.org/q/h/vm/active-passive.html
5. http://www.e-grammar.org/passive-voice/test1-exercise1/
6. http://www.e-grammar.org/passive-voice/test1-exercise2/
7. http://www.e-grammar.org/passive-voice/test1-exercise3/

By and With:
Both prepositions can be used to show how something is done.
By’ can be followed by a gerund (-ing form):
 
He improved his English by reading novels.
You can change the look of that room by redecorating it.
 
By’ is followed by a noun in combinations refering to the means of transportation or communication:
 
by plane/car/bus/subway
by fax/mail/phone/sea
 
With’ is used when tools or parts of the body mentioned:
 
I opened the wine with a bottle opener.
He pushed the door with his foot.
 
Note: ‘by hand’ means ‘handmade’, ‘made by a person, not by a machine’:
 
She made the pie dough by hand.
Compared to: The mother touched the girl’s forehead with her hand.
Alphabet

You also need to learn the Alphabet again as you have problems with this, you can practise here:

Game: http://www.boowakwala.com/learning/alphabet-learning-game.html
Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1b-PM95y-VI
Game: http://www.learnenglish.org.uk/kids/antics/
Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=36IBDpTRVNE
Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&v=RyBuYclBSwI&feature=fvwp

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